“加拿大28平台”《自然》发布2018年度十大科学人物:中国天才少年曹原居首

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本文摘要:“The stories of these ten people capture some of the most memorable scientific events in 2018,” says Natures chief features editor, Rich Monastersky, “and they force us to confront difficult questions about who we are, where we have come from, and where we are going.”《大自然》专稿版小编赫伯特-蒙拿斯特斯恩答复:“十大角色的小故事稀释液了2018度最感人至深的科学恶性事件,这种恶性事件迫不得已大家逻辑思维大家究竟是谁、大家从哪里来、及其我们要降落哪里的难点。

“The stories of these ten people capture some of the most memorable scientific events in 2018,” says Natures chief features editor, Rich Monastersky, “and they force us to confront difficult questions about who we are, where we have come from, and where we are going.”《大自然》专稿版小编赫伯特-蒙拿斯特斯恩答复:“十大角色的小故事稀释液了2018度最感人至深的科学恶性事件,这种恶性事件迫不得已大家逻辑思维大家究竟是谁、大家从哪里来、及其我们要降落哪里的难点。”Physicist Yuan Cao was only 21 when he helped discover a trick to make graphene capable of conducting electricity without resistance, launching a new area of physics.我国物理学家曹原协助找到让石墨烯材料搭建纳米管的方式,那时候他年仅二十一岁。该科研成果创新了物理一个全新升级的研究领域。

Cao admits that his situation is unusual, but says he isn’t special. After all, he did spend a full four years at university: “I just skipped some of the boring stuff in middle school.”曹原否定自身的状况并许多见,但说自身并不特别是在。确是,他在大学還是待满了四年,“我只是绕过了中学阶段比较乏味的阶段。”Cao loves to take things apart and rebuild them. At heart, he is “a tinkerer”, his supervisor says.他的老师说道,曹原在心灵深处是个修补匠,反感把物品拆下来重新安装。

“Every time I go in, it’s a huge mess, with computers taken apart and pieces of telescope all over his desk.”他说道:“每一次我入他的公司办公室,里边都乱七八糟的,桌子塞满了电子计算机和制作望眼镜的零件。”Despite his youth and shy manner, colleagues say that Cao’s maturity shines through in his persistence.虽然年老又喜爱,朋友们都说道曹原的成熟展示出在锲而不舍上。“He wasn’t happy, but he just rolled up his sleeves and continued working,”他的老师说道:他不开心,但他仅仅刮衣袖以后腊了。“There are so many things we can do,” says Cory Dean, a physicist at Columbia University in New York City. “The opportunities at hand now are almost overwhelming.”大家能保证的事儿过度多了。

位于纽约市的宾夕法尼亚大学物理学家克里·迪恩说,手头的各种各样机会都有点儿目不暇接了。Palaeogeneticist Viviane Slon helped make one of 2018’s most surprising discoveries when she and her colleagues sequenced DNA from a 90,000-year-old bone and found that it came from the offspring of a union between a Neanderthal mother and a father from the extinct human group known as Denisovans.古时候遗传学家薇薇安·斯隆与朋友在对一个9史前的人体骨骼进行DNA测序时,寻找该人体骨骼来自于尼安德特人妈妈与早就灭种的丹尼索瓦人爸爸的子孙后代。

这也是2018度最出乎意料的寻找之一。Another physicist, Jess Wade, made news through her remarkable efforts to raise the profile of women and people of color in science, including by writing hundreds of Wikipedia entries for female scientists.物理学家未来守护者·维德为提高女性和非裔在科学界的影响力成本了巨大期待,还包含为女性科学家开创数百条wiki百科百度词条。Robert-Jan Smits made waves in publishing by launching Plan S, a bold effort to make more scientific papers open access.约翰逊·珍·阿诗丹顿启动的“S方案”是一项前行科研论文扩大开放出示的胆大提倡,引起了科学旅游业的惊涛骇浪。

Open data was also central to the work of Barbara Rae-Venter, who used public genome data to help identify the Golden State killer, who committed multiple murders in California during the 1970s and 1980s.除此之外,扩大开放数据信息也是芭芭拉·李-温特的工作中聚焦点,她根据公布发布的基因数据信息,协助警察被抓了曾在上世纪七八十年代犯了解起杀人案件的“普兰店杀手”。Another data set preoccupied astronomer Anthony Brown, whose team coordinated the release of a massive trove of information from the Gaia spacecraft, which has tracked more than a billion stars.另一位刻苦钻研数据的科学家詹姆斯·布郎领着精英团队,发布了华斯探测仪对十亿多个行星的规模性追踪数据信息。

Meanwhile, Makoto Yoshikawa led the Hayabusa2 mission at the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency to visit a dumpling-shaped asteroid to collect samples and then return them to Earth.此外,由日本国宇宙空间航空公司科学研究产品研发组织的吉川真为领导干部的“隼鸟2号”每日任务,拜会了一颗样子类似水饺的行星(Ryugu“天宫”),并准备将搜集的样版送到地球上。Climate researcher Valérie Masson-Delmotte had a key role in the stark report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which warned that nations might have only a dozen years before Earth’s temperature reaches a point that would transform ecosystems and destroy many coral reefs.气侯科学研究权威专家瓦莱丽·马松-徳尔莫特在政府部门间气候问题专业联合会发布的最重要汇报中起着了主导作用。

该汇报警示称作,间距地球上平均气温超出更改生态体系、损坏很多珊瑚礁的水平只只剩十几年的時间。Bee Yin Yeo, Malaysia’s minister of energy, science, technology, environment and climate change, is featured for leading environmental efforts to reduce single-use plastics.新加坡电力能源、科学、技术性、自然环境及气候问题科长杨美盈果断倡导了提升多次重复使用塑胶用以的环保行动。Chinese scientist He Jiankui captured global attention last month when he announced he had edited the genomes of twin baby girls. This drew widespread condemnation over concerns that he had ignored ethical considerations and exposed the infants to potential risks.我国科学家贺建奎上月宣布编写了一对双胞胎宝宝女宝宝的基因,造成全世界瞩目。

他的做法遭受了普遍批判,大家斥责其轻视伦理道德,并将双胞胎宝宝女宝宝放置潜在性风险性当中。He, who is now not speaking to the press, disappeared from the world stage as quickly as he had emerged.贺建奎如今已出不来新闻媒体聆听。他在国际舞台上匆匆忙忙出场,又匆匆忙忙消退。


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